研究成果・発表論文

First Identification of 10 kpc [C II] 158 \ensuremathμm Halos around Star-forming Galaxies at z = 5─7

Fujimoto, Seiji,   Ouchi, Masami,   Ferrara, Andrea,   Pallottini, Andrea,   Ivison, R.~J.,   Behrens, Christoph,   Gallerani, Simona,   Arata, Shohei,   Yajima, Hidenobu,   & Nagamine, Kentaro


要旨
We report the discovery of 10 kpc [C II] 158 \ensuremathμm halos surrounding star-forming galaxies in the early universe. We choose deep Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array data for 18 galaxies, each with a star formation rate of ≃10─70 M $_☉$ with no signature of an active galactic nucleus whose [C II] lines are individually detected at z = 5.153─7.142, and we conduct stacking of the [C II] lines and dust continuum in the uv-visibility plane. The radial profiles of the surface brightnesses show a 10 kpc scale [C II] halo at the 9.2\ensuremathσ level, significantly more extended than the Hubble Space Telescope stellar continuum data by a factor of \ensuremath∼5 on the exponential-profile basis, as well as the dust continuum. We compare the radial profiles of [C II] and Ly\ensuremathα halos universally found in star- forming galaxies at this epoch, and we find that the scale lengths agree within the 1\ensuremathσ level. While two independent hydrodynamic zoom-in simulations match the dust and stellar continuum properties, the simulations cannot reproduce the extended [C II] line emission. The existence of the extended [C II] halo is evidence of outflow remnants in the early galaxies and suggests that the outflows may be dominated by cold-mode outflows expelling the neutral gas.




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