研究成果・発表論文

A Cool Core Disturbed: Observational Evidence for the Coexistence of Subsonic Sloshing Gas and Stripped Shock-heated Gas around the Core of RX J1347.5-1145

Ueda, Shutaro,   Kitayama, Tetsu,   Oguri, Masamune,   Komatsu, Eiichiro,   Akahori, Takuya,   Iono, Daisuke,   Izumi, Takumi,   Kawabe, Ryohei,   Kohno, Kotaro,   Matsuo, Hiroshi,   Ota, Naomi,   Suto, Yasushi,   Takakuwa, Shigehisa,   Takizawa, Motokazu,   Tsutsumi, Takahiro,   & Yoshikawa, Kohji


要旨
RX J1347.5-1145 (z = 0.451) is one of the most luminous X-ray galaxy clusters; it hosts a prominent cool core and exhibits a signature of a major merger. We present the first direct observational evidence for the subsonic nature of the sloshing motion of the cool core. We find that a residual X-ray image from the Chandra X-ray Observatory after removing the global emission shows a clear dipolar pattern characteristic of gas sloshing, whereas we find no significant residual in the Sunyaev-Zel\textquoterightdovich effect (SZE) image from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). We estimate the equation of state of perturbations in the gas from the X-ray and SZE residual images. The inferred velocity is \420\$_-420$$^+310$ km s$^-1$, which is much lower than the adiabatic sound speed of the intracluster medium in the core. We thus conclude that the perturbation is nearly isobaric, and the gas sloshing motion is consistent with being in pressure equilibrium. Next, we report evidence for gas stripping of an infalling subcluster, which likely shock-heats the gas to a temperature well in excess of 20 keV. Using the mass distribution inferred from strong lensing images of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), we find that the mass peak is located away from the peak position of the stripped gas with a statistical significance of >5\ensuremathσ. Unlike for the gas sloshing, the velocity inferred from the equation of state of the excess hot gas is comparable to the adiabatic sound speed expected for the 20 keV intracluster medium. All of the results support that the southeast substructure is created by a merger. On the other hand, the positional offset between the mass and the gas limits the self-interaction cross section of dark matter to be less than 3.7 h $^-1$ cm$^2$ g$^-1$ (95% CL).




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