研究成果・発表論文

Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of a Plunging Black Hole into a Molecular Cloud

Nomura, Mariko,   Oka, Tomoharu,   Yamada, Masaya,   Takekawa, Shunya,   Ohsuga, Ken,   Takahashi, Hiroyuki R.,   & Asahina, Yuta


要旨
Using two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations, we investigated the gas dynamics around a black hole (BH) plunging into a molecular cloud. In these calculations, we assumed a parallel- magnetic-field layer in the cloud. The size of the accelerated region is far larger than the Bondi-Hoyle-Lyttleton radius, being approximately inversely proportional to the Alfvén Mach number for the plunging BH. Our results successfully reproduce the “Y” shape in position-velocity maps of the “Bullet” in the W44 molecular cloud. The size of the Bullet is also reproduced within an order of magnitude using a reasonable parameter set. This consistency supports the shooting model of the Bullet, according to which an isolated BH plunged into a molecular cloud to form a compact broad-velocity-width feature.




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