研究成果・発表論文

Spectral Line Survey toward Molecular Clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud

Nishimura, Yuri,   Shimonishi, Takashi,   Watanabe, Yoshimasa,   Sakai, Nami,   Aikawa, Yuri,   Kawamura, Akiko,   & Yamamoto, Satoshi


要旨
Spectral line survey observations of seven molecular clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) have been conducted in the 3 mm band with the Mopra 22 m telescope to reveal chemical compositions in low metallicity conditions. Spectral lines of fundamental species such as CS, SO, CCH, HCN, HCO$^+$, and HNC are detected in addition to those of CO and $^13$CO, while CH$_3$OH is not detected in any source and N$_2$H$^+$ is marginally detected in two sources. The molecular-cloud scale (10 pc scale) chemical composition is found to be similar among the seven sources regardless of different star formation activities, and hence, it represents the chemical composition characteristic of the LMC without influences by star formation activities. In comparison with chemical compositions of Galactic sources, the characteristic features are (1) deficient N-bearing molecules, (2) abundant CCH, and (3) deficient CH$_3$OH. Feature (1) is due to a lower elemental abundance of nitrogen in the LMC, whereas features (2) and (3) seem to originate from extended photodissociation regions and warmer temperature in cloud peripheries due to a lower abundance of dust grains in the low metallicity condition. In spite of general resemblance of chemical abundances among the seven sources, the CS/HCO$^+$ and SO/HCO$^+$ ratios are found to be slightly higher in a quiescent molecular cloud. An origin of this trend is discussed in relation to possible depletion of sulfur along the molecular cloud formation.




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